Research

2022 - 2024:
Post Doc: 
The Ocean-Lands: Mud Within the Earth System,‘Queen Margrethe’s and Vigdís Finnbogadóttir´s Interdisciplinary Research Centre on Ocean, Climate, and Society’ (ROCS) / 
The GLOBE Institute / Danish Natural History Museum / Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate.



2022 /2023/2024:

Research project 2022-2024 More Mud for Nordic Alliance of Artists’ Residencies on Climate Action, NAARCA including working with institutions in Iceland, Sweden, Denmark, Svalbard, Scotland, Finland and Greenland on research, production, exhibitions and seminars.



2020/2021/22:

The New Mud is a research project in the cluster Digital Matters, Digital Materialities
with Maibritt Borgen at the Institute for Art, Writing and Research, Royale Danish

Art Academy for Fine Arts has started and will be fullfilled in 2022 with

several pedagogical and material outputs.


The New Mud's activities in December 2021 at

ANA - Astrid Noaks Atelie

Rådmandsgade 34, 2200 København N 

11. december – 17. december 2021

Nyt uforudsigeligt vejr foranlediget af de klimaændringer, der relaterer sig til menneskelige aktiviteter skaber nyt uforudsigeligt mudder. Ældre og mere stabile levesteder er truet. I 2021 offentliggjorde tidsskriftet ”Nature Geoscience” en ny undersøgelse af effekten af klimanedbrud på Golfstrømmen. Golfstrømmen, der regulerer cirkulationen af nordgående strøm af varmt saltvand i de øverste lag og en sydgående strøm af koldere dybe farvande i Atlanterhavet, er på sit svageste i tusind år. Som følge heraf vil øgede hedebølger i Europa og storme på den østlige kyst af Nordamerika øge mudderstrømmene i nogle områder, mens mudder i andre vil hærde og påvirke trædækket og vegetationen, der er afgørende for kulstofkredsløbet.

For at forudsige fremtidige mønstre indsamler forskere proxydata fra gammelt sedimentært mudder og iskerner fra Grønland, som om fortiden vender tilbage for at genvinde kontrollen over en uforudsigelig fremtid. Nationer kan defineres af deres love, men økosystemer og mudder adlyder imidlertid ikke love eller grænser. For at lære af dem er der brug for en ny måde at tænke på.

The New Mud’s uforudsigelighed danner grundlaget for Rikke Luthers udstillingsprojekt i ANA. Arbejdet udspringer bl.a. af et netop afsluttet ophold i Kangerlussuaq i Grønland og på Narsaq International Research Station. På baggrund af en rumlig præsentation af Luthers foreløbige undersøgelser og en række kunstneriske outputs i form af bl.a. ler og mudder samt andet materiale i proces, vil der fra d. 11 december til d. 17 december blive afholdt filmvisninger og samtale. En opfølgende 2. del af The New Mud finder sted i ANA i 2023.

Program:
Lørdag d. 11. december kl. 15-17 fortæller Rikke Luther om sin foreløbige research og præsenterer det udstillede materiale. Efterfølgende vises filmen Concrete Nature: The Planetary Sand Bank fra 2018, der udforsker betonbygningers skiftende ideologiske sammenhænge. Filmen, der havde præmiere på CPH:DOX i 2019, er en del af Luthers praksisbaserede Ph.d.-projekt Concrete Aesthetics. From Universal Rights to Financial Post-Democracy.

Onsdag d. 15. december kl. 17-18.30 vises Rikke Luthers film Concrete: The Great Transformationfra 2020. Filmen, der endnu er i proces, udforsker de udviklende sammenhænge omkring betonbygninger med særligt fokus på, hvad der er blevet af de universaliserende påstande fra midten af det 20. århundrede, der gav betonkonstruktioner deres indledende sæt af referencer og betydninger.

Fredag d. 17. december kl. 17-19. Samtalen "Mud Crystals" med professor i politisk æstetik ved Birkbeck, University of London, Esther Leslie, er foranlediget af Rikke Luthers kunstneriske udforskning af materialer for at undersøge, hvordan mudder blandet med is åbner op for længere historier om udvinding og profitmaksimering. Esther Leslies forskning har udforsket flydende krystaller, syntetiske farvestoffer, animation, mudder, is og mælk. Dette bl.a. i bogen Liquid Crystals: The Science and Art of a Fluid Form fra 2016. Ud over Esther Leslie og Rikke Luther deltager henholdsvis kunstner og researcher Lise Autogena samt kunstnere, undervisere og medstiftere af Urbonas Studio, Nomeda og Gediminas Urbonas i samtalen, der bl.a vil trække veksler på diskussioner fra seminariet Transnational Mud: Swamps, Earth, and Transnational Trees, som blev afholdt på Det Kgl. Danske Kunstakademi i foråret 2021.


Lise Autogena er grundlægger af 'Narsaq International Research Station', Professor i  Cross-Disciplinary Art samt forskningsleder på Sheffield Hallam University. Urbonas Studio er en tværfaglig forskningspraksis, der faciliterer udveksling mellem forskellige knudepunkter af videnproduktion og kunstnerisk praksis i en søgen efter projekter, der transformerer offentlige rum og kollektive forestillinger. Nomeda Urbonas er Research Affiliate ved MIT, mens Gediminas Urbonas er ass. prof ved MITs program i Art, Culture and Technology.

The New Mud er en del af et det igangværende kunstneriske forskningsprojekt Digital Materialities på Det Kgl. Danske Kunstakademi, der inviterer kunstnere og forskere til at tænke kollektivt fra og om de materialer, på hvis fundament vi bygger vores angiveligt immaterielle digitale liv.

Left: Screenshot Kangerlusssuaq, 2021

Above: Missing Atmospheric Ice Crystal, 2021

EmmaKunzMine
1.AalborgPortlandLimestone
7.3DPrintConcrete
MineRhegolitPark
4.ESA3Dmudprint
6.ChinaharbourTrieste
12.TokyoCapsuleTower
13.JapanHashima
11.JapanConcreteMountain
Skærmbillede 2019-11-27 kl. 12.02.42
15.JapanTurtleDeadCorals
16.HiroshimaPeaceCenter
18.KyotoCongressCenter
IMG_5015
IMG_5013

2019:
Lunar Concrete - Regolith Extraction in Outer Space and 3D printing on the Moon and in Mud on Earth is a one-year artistic development project at the Royale Danish Art Academy for Fine Arts. It is developed by Karen Harsbo (Ceramic Lab) and Rikke Luther (Institute for Art, Writing and Research) and is aiming at practically exploring and unfolding the notion of the material lunar regolith, through 3D print and earth minerals, in form of interdisciplinary artistic research.

 

3D printed Lunar-concrete are linked to Si-Fi, military, political, technological developments, the ‘New Industrial Space Industry’ and the historical background for concrete in space started with 40g of the lunar regolith in 1986.






















Map 8: Concrete: The Economy of Volcanos and Outer Space, print on tiles

 


Abstract

We are in oxygen low water. Its still battered by waves from the 2008-financial crisis. In our time, democracy is aggressively interrogated from many different perspectives, which in turn determine the contexts of artistic action and research. From one side, the concept of ‘Carbon Democracy’ maps democracy’s entwined relationship to the economies of material extraction, power, and the planetary fact of ‘climate collapse’ [Mitchell, Carbon Democracy]. From another, the concept of ‘Post-Democracy’ [Crouch] maps out the highs and lows of democratic agency. Here, the peaks of democratic engagement in the 20th century are being levelled down by an era of rising economic and political inequality – a process that occurs both within nation states and between the nation states of the ‘developed’, and ‘developing’, worlds. In parallel, the political power of democracy is increasingly decentralised and weakened, only for that power to be re-centralised in the private boardrooms of post-national corporations. And, while this process has occurred, our climate has been warming.

 

Space is full of stories. And there are many ‘spaces’. Those images of coherence by which we navigate our lives, are rooted in the perspectives of particular places, social relations, history and time [Massey, For Space].The spaces of landscape, housing and urban life, and the materials we extract to support that version of life, are crisscrossed with human power relations.

 

We look on a concrete building, and on its material surfaces and interior spaces, and we are met by the 20th century ‘extraction economy’ that gave us the concrete architectures of democracy. Or perhaps we see the environmental destruction concrete entailed. Or perhaps we see humankind’s deep space future, a late 21st concrete modernism built on the moon or passing asteroids, as envisaged by advocates of ‘The New Space Industrial Age’.

 

The confluence, and divergencies, of these stories of habitation have affected how we think of planetary space, environmental change, and emergent climate chaos. The technological possibility of 3D printing lunar concrete, holds out the possibility of stabilising, and then exporting, current modes of political economy into a space future, by envisaging the earth as merely a set of exhaustible economic assets. Outer space here takes on the dynamics of the earthly UN Global Commons – ‘free’ spaces that are largely beyond the democracy of nation states and the effective regulatory grasp of international law.

 

Technological and military organisation have long been extensions of the existing power of the monarch and state into new territories, material and human support for the search for private profit. Meanwhile, back at the planetary level, the progressive associations of concrete Modernism have run into the wall: progress is now encircled by increasingly ‘unseasonal’ weather patterns, and undermined by the daily media outpouring of post-democratic political sentiment. Concrete culture now echoes the mid 20th century observations of Karl Polanyi. But when capitalism faces off against democracy today, it chooses what Colin Crouch dubbed ‘post-democracy’, before stretching itself out across future space.

 


Stills from recorded material for the film Concrete: The Great Transformation, mainly recorded under Lunar Concrete, 2019:
























  1. Aion A mine, (Emma Kunz), Sweitzerland, 2019
  2. Lime mining, Aalborg Portland, Aalborg, Denmark, 2017
  3. Sandmining in Roldskov, Denmark, 2020
  4. Rebuilding the harbour front, 2018
  5. Land Building, North Harbour, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2017

  6. 3D printing of concrete, Italy, 2019

  7. Simulit Rhegolith mining, Germany, 2019
  8. ESA´s 3D prinit, Holland, 2019

  9. On-line information movie about mining on the moon, 2019

10. Chinese harbour, Trieste, Italy, 2019

11. Oslo, Norway, 2017

12. Nagagin Capsule Tower (1979), Tokyo, Japan, 2019

13. Hashima, first undersea coal mining and higest dence place on the planet in the 1960´ties, Japan, 2019

14-15. More concrete, Japan, 2019

16. Sea turtle, Japan, 2019

17. Peace Center (1954), Hiroshima, Japan, 2019

18. Kyoto Congress Center, Japan, 2019






















Ceramic tests with simulatet rhegolith, 2019



Supported by the Danish Ministry of Culture